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CO2 Mechanics Blog

Practical knowledge, tools, tips and techniques for developing and implementing innovative CO2-enabled clean manufacturing processes, products, and production lines.

    • SUBJECTS

      • Forward

      • Scope and Objectives

      • The CO2 Backstory

      • CO2 Processing Technology

      • CO2 Processing Units

      • Contamination Control

      • Manufacturing Waste Minimization

      • Environmental Health Worker Safety

      • CO2 Application Profiles

      • Clean Solution Innovation Process

    • CO2 DATA

      • CO2 Properties

      • CO2 Diagrams

      • CO2 Safety and Health Data

      • CO2 in the News

    • GLOSSARY

      • Technical Terms

      • Blog Icons

      • How to use this Blog

      • Copyright Notice

    • VIDEOS

      • Corporate Videos

      • Process Videos

      • Product Videos

    • AUTHOR

      • Author Bio

      • Dedications

      • Published Papers

    Dedications

    Dedications

    Thank you

    To my wife, best friend, and colleague, Karen, for her enduring love and support all these years. To my brother, Rick and father, Richard on the other side, thank you for your love and support at the very start of this journey. You are both greatly missed and your contributions are forever appreciated.

    Technical Terms

    Technical Terms

    What does that mean

    CO2

    An abundant and recycled gaseous by-product of industrial processes repurposed for precision cleaning, cooling, and surface modification applications in high-value or high-reliability hardware manufacturing operations.

    Copyright Notice

    Copyright Notice

    All rights reserved

    CO2Mechanics.Blog

    Blog to eBook

    Practical knowledge, tools, tips, and techniques for developing and implementing innovative CO2-enabled lean and green manufacturing processes, products, and production lines.

    How to use this blog

    How to use this blog

    This blog is an eBook

    Each chapter in this eBook is self-contained, which means you can start with whichever chapter or topic interests you the most. CO2Mechanics.Blog is a comprehensive guide for improving your knowledge of CO2 technology, implementing state-of-the-art CO2-Powered clean manufacturing solutions, and maximizing your return on investment in terms of reduced manufacturing waste in all of its possible forms.

    Blog Icons

    Blog Icons

    Icons used in this eBook

    Throughout this eBook, you will see small symbols called icons in the margins and these highlight special types of information presented or available (hyperlinked). These are shown in Figure I-1 and used to help you better understand and apply the material.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Scope and Objectives

    Scope and Objectives

    Contamination is defined in many ways

    Contamination may be broadly defined as any material, substance, or energy which adversely affects the performance or function of a manufacturing process and/or manufactured product [adapted from “Contamination Control Engineering Design Guidelines for the Aerospace Community”, A.C. Tribble et al., Rockwell International Corporation, NASA Contractor Report 4740, May 1996]. By this broad definition contamination can be vapors, particles, films, residues, light, nuclear radiation, electromagnetic fields, electrostatic charge, and heat (or lack of heat), among many other examples. Furthermore, contamination can be organic, inorganic, ionic, biological, volatile, non-volatile, condensable, non-condensable, corrosive, or non-corrosive in nature.

    Author Bio

    About the Author

    David Jackson

    While attending college, Mr. Jackson worked full-time as a manager of a certified testing laboratory analyzing pollutants in wastewater generated and discharged by industrial manufacturers and municipal wastewater treatment plants. Following graduation and working for Hughes Aircraft Company as a group head of precision cleaning and contamination control in the mid-1980’s, he developed first generation CO2 immersion cleaning processes for use in the manufacture of advanced aerospace products. While moonlighting the construction of his first commercial centrifugal CO2 immersion cleaning system in his garage between 1989 and 1992, he worked as an environmental consultant, helping manufacturers minimize and treat EPA-regulated wastewater effluents generated by their electroplating and metal finishing operations. Mr. Jackson launched his first CO2 business venture in 1993 and over the following 12 years developed and commercialized several CO2 immersion and spray cleaning products and accessories.

    CO2 Backstory 1.2

    CO2 is Part of the Solution

    Recycled CO2

    The human part of the Earth’s carbon cycle comprises our societal and industrial activity - our so-called carbon footprint.   This issue has fostered a contentious and controversial global debate regarding the connection between increasing human-based CO2 emissions and alleged global warming. It is noteworthy that based on analysis of polar ice and sediment core samples dating back millions of years, the Earth was much warmer and richer in atmospheric CO2 (and plant life). In a relatively recent geological past, absent most modern humans and all industrial activity, atmospheric levels of CO2 were nearly 18x higher than today, 7,000 ppm compared to 400 ppm, and vast green forests and jungles flourished across the planet. In fact, the current atmospheric levels of CO2 are much less than optimal for healthy plant growth [6].

    CO2 Backstory 1.1

    Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is Universal

    Abundant and Natural

    Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an abundant, natural, and renewable manufacturing resource. To begin with, you are a CO2 production plant. Shown in Figure 1-1, with each breathe of air, comprising about 78% Nitrogen (N2) and 21% Oxygen (O2), you expire a small amount of CO2 gas along with unused N2 gas, water vapor (H2O), and organic (carbon-based) vapors as metabolic by-products. Over the course of a day, you produce about 2.3 lbs. of gaseous CO2 [1].   This equates to filling a little over two 16 ounce water bottles with liquid carbon dioxide each and every day. Over a year, you fill nearly two 55 gallon drums. Over your lifetime, you will fill more than fifteen average-sized hot tubs – about 8,000 gallons of liquid CO2!

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